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9th World Congress and Exhibition on Antibiotics and Antibiotic Resistance, will be organized around the theme “Current Research: Tackling Antibiotic Resistance and COVID-19”

Antibiotics 2022 is comprised of keynote and speakers sessions on latest cutting edge research designed to offer comprehensive global discussions that address current issues in Antibiotics 2022

Submit your abstract to any of the mentioned tracks.

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Antibiotics are a type of antimicrobials that are used in treatment and prevention of bacterial infections. They may kill or inhibit the growth of bacteria. Many antibiotics are also effective against protozoans and fungi; some are toxic to humans and animals also, even when given in therapeutic dosage. Antibiotics are not effective against viruses such as common cold or influenza, and may be harmful when taken inappropriately. Physicians must ensure the patient has a bacterial infection before prescribing antibiotics.

  • Track 1-1Introduction to antibiotic uses and challenges
  • Track 1-2Basic principles of prescribing antibiotics
  • Track 1-3Mechanisms of bacteriostatic or bactericidal action
  • Track 1-4Antibiotic Use Linked to Type 1 Diabetes Diagnosis

Antibiotic resistance invoke especially to the resistance to antibiotics that occurs in common bacteria that cause infection. The easy approach and capability of Antibiotics led to overuse in live-stock raising promotes bacteria to flourish resistance. This led to comprehensive problems with antibiotic resistance. World Health Organization (WHO) classified antimicrobial resistance as a serious hazard and no longer a indicator for the future.  Antibiotic resistance is now among every part of the world and its stirring everyone irrespective to the age. When infections become resistant to first-line drugs, more costly therapies must be used. A longer duration of illness and treatment, often in hospitals, increases health care costs as well as the financial burden on families and societies. To help prevent the development of current and future bacterial resistance, it is essential to prescribe antibiotics according to the principles of antimicrobial stewardship, such as specify antibiotics only when they are needed. 

  • Track 2-1Antimicrobial Stewardship
  • Track 2-2Bacterial antibiotic resistance
  • Track 2-3Alternate strategy to overcome the problem of antimicrobial resistance worldwide
  • Track 2-4Mechanism of antimicrobial resistance
  • Track 2-5Proteomics of antimicrobial resistance
  • Track 2-6Antimicrobial resistance
  • Track 2-7A public approach to antimicrobial resistance
  • Track 2-8Novel antibacterial drug discovery
  • Track 2-9Preventing drug resistance

Certain bacterial infections now oppose all antibiotics. The resistance problem may be reversible, but only if society begins to acknowledge how the drugs affect "good" bacteria as well as "bad". Historically, most antibacterials were used in hospitals, where they were integrated into surgical clothes and soaps to limit the spread of infection. More recently, however, those substances (including  triclosan, triclocarbon and such quaternary ammonium compounds as benzalkonium chloride) have been mixed into lotions, dish-washing detergents and soaps meant for general consumers. They have also been impregnated into such items as cutting boards, toys, high chairs and mattress pads. 

  • Track 3-1Antibiotics and alternatives
  • Track 3-2Grand challenges – antimicrobial resistance
  • Track 3-3Systemic intervention – values, conflict and blue room resolution
  • Track 3-4Grand challenges – antimicrobial resistance
  • Track 3-5Intervention against antimicrobial resistance – approaches and implementation

Antibiotics are also noted as antibacterials, are types of medications that destroy or slow down the growth of bacteria. Alexander Fleming discovered first penicillin, the first chemical compound with antibiotic properties. Some of the common antibiotics are Aminoglycosides, Cephalosporins, Carbapenems, Macrolides, Penicillin, Quinolones, Sulfonamides and, Tetracyclines etc. General fundamentals of antibiotic prescribing are use: First-line antibiotics first, Reserve broad spectrum antibiotics for marked circumstances only, prescribe antibiotics for bacterial infections if Symptoms are significant or severe.

  • Track 4-1Hypocholesterolemic agents
  • Track 4-2Lincosamides
  • Track 4-3Tetracyclines
  • Track 4-4Sulfonamides
  • Track 4-5Quinolones
  • Track 4-6Polypeptides
  • Track 4-7Oxazolidinones
  • Track 4-8Nitrofurans
  • Track 4-9Monobactams
  • Track 4-10Macrolides
  • Track 4-11Lipopeptide
  • Track 4-12Glycopeptides

Choice of relevant antibiotics is presently based on individual patient need.  Preservation of bacterial sensitivity needs perceptive of how antibiotics select resistance. ‘Ten commandments’ which might be considered carefully when a preference has to be made for antibiotic prescribing.  The compelling importance of the fact that all healthcare personnel should take ownership of the need to specify accordingly and to practice effective infection control.  A realization that antibiotics may not be competent for the tasks required of them and eventually, with widespread resistance, may be incapable of the task they do today.

  • Track 5-1Hypocholesterolemic agents
  • Track 5-2Lipopeptide
  • Track 5-3Macrolides
  • Track 5-4Macrolides
  • Track 5-5Monobactams
  • Track 5-6Immunosuppressive agents

Antibiotics are amidst the most regularly recommended medications in modern medicine. Antibiotics are useless against viral infections. When you take antibiotics, follow the guidelines carefully. It is important to finish your medicine even if you feel improved. If you stop treatment too soon, some bacteria may survive and re-infect you. Do not save antibiotics for later or use someone else's prescription

  • Track 6-1Novel antibacterial drug discovery
  • Track 6-2Skin and soft tissue infections
  • Track 6-3Urinary tract infections
  • Track 6-4Acute diarrhea, gastroenteritis, and food poisoning (Campylobacteriosis)
  • Track 6-5Common gynecologic Infections
  • Track 6-6Fever and apparent acute central nervous system Infection

Antimicrobial prophylaxis is generally used by clinicians for the prevention of numerous infectious diseases. Optimal antimicrobial agents for prophylaxis should be nontoxic, inexpensive, bactericidal and active against the typical pathogens that can motive surgical site infection postoperatively. To maximize its effectiveness, intravenous perioperative prophylaxis should be carried out within 30 to 60 minutes before the surgical incision. Antimicrobial prophylaxis should be of short time to downturn toxicity and antimicrobial resistance and to reduce cost.


  • Track 7-1Prevention of microbial infection
  • Track 7-2Antibiotic selection
  • Track 7-3Advantages of long-acting antibiotics
  • Track 7-4Antibiotics in aquaculture

Antibiotics are frequently recommended during pregnancy. The specific medication must be chosen carefully, however. Some antibiotics are prescribed to take during pregnancy, while others are not. Safety depends on various factors, including the type of antibiotic, when in pregnancy you take the antibiotic, how much you take and for how long. Antibiotics normally advised safe during pregnancy:  Ampicillin, Amoxicillin, Clindamycin, Erythromycin, Penicillin, Nitrofurantoin. Despite there's no direct clue that these antibiotics cause birth defects, additional research is needed. In the interim, use of these medications is still assured in some cases.

  • Track 8-1Safe use of anti‐infective agents
  • Track 8-2Current investigations in broad spectrum antibiotics
  • Track 8-3Antibiotics and neurological damage

Antibiotics must be used accordingly in humans and animals because both uses share to the emergence, persistence, and escalation of resistant bacteria. Resistant bacteria in food-producing animals are of particular concern. Food animals play as a source of resistant pathogens and resistance mechanisms that can directly or indirectly result in antibiotic resistant infections in humans. Resistant bacteria may be transmitted to humans through the foods we eat. Some bacteria have turned resistant to more than one sort of antibiotic, which makes it more difficult to treat the infections they cause. Sustaining the efficiency of antibiotic drugs is vital to insulating human and animal health.

  • Track 9-1Antibiotics in food Industry
  • Track 9-2Antibiotics in agriculture
  • Track 9-3Antibiotics in veterinary

In the prior most drugs have been invented either by identifying the active ingredient from traditional remedies or by serendipitous discovery. A new access has been to recognize how disease and infection are controlled at the molecular and physiological level and to mark specific entities based on this knowledge. The process of drug discovery involves the identification of candidates, characterization, screening, synthesis, and assays for therapeutic efficacy. Evolution of an existing drug molecule from a ordinary form to a novel delivery system can significantly improve its performance in terms of patient compliance, efficacy and safety. These days, drug delivery companies are engaged in the development of numerous platform technologies to get ambitious advantage, extend patent life, and increase market share of their products. Formerly a compound has displayed its value in these tests; it will begin the process of drug development prior to clinical trials.

  • Track 10-1Policies to stimulate drug development and discovery
  • Track 10-2Role of computational biology
  • Track 10-3Ligand binding studies
  • Track 10-4Transport (simulation studies)
  • Track 10-5Molecule mediating transport

New diseases are originating globally and old diseases are re-emerging as Infectious agents evolve or spread, and as changes occur in conservation, socio-economic conditions, and population patterns. Likewise, many diseases thought to be decently controlled appear to be making a revival. In developed countries, public health measures such as sewage treatment, vaccination programs, sanitation and access to good medical care-including a wide range of antibiotics-have virtually disposed “traditional” diseases such as tuberculosis, diphtheria and whooping cough

  • Track 11-1Resistance and re-emerging theories
  • Track 11-2Medication procedures
  • Track 11-3Molecular mechanism of resistance
  • Track 11-4New drugs for emerging diseases

Environmental microbes are a leading source of drug discovery, and several microbial products ( anti-tumour products, antibiotics, immunosuppressants and others) are used frequently for human therapies. Most of these products were accessed from cultivable (<1%) environmental microbes, means that the large number of microbes were not targeted for drug discovery. With the onset of new and emerging technologies, we are poised to harvest novel drugs from the so-called 'uncultivable' microbes. Multidisciplinary way of linking different technologies can assist and reform drug discovery from uncultivable microbes and inspect the current cramp of technologies and scenario to swamped such constraints that might further expand the promise of drugs from environmental microbes

  • Track 12-1Novel species discovery
  • Track 12-2Micos from different areas (patients, geographical locations)
  • Track 12-3Genetically modified organisms

Prescribing doctors are, progressively, using clinical trial data as a major source of information for evidence-based medicine for the remedy of infectious diseases, as in other clinical disciplines. However, it may be difficult to excerpt from these data the material that is needed for the management of the individual patient. At the same time, clinical trial testimony have been used, probably satisfactorily, in the process of drug registration, and the pharmaceutical industry has spent progressively large amount of money to satisfy the needs of this process. In the face of all these problems, switch in the way antibiotic clinical trials are designed and performed are clearly necessary, although this must not disturb the balance so far as to restore them less useful for those who currently derive greatest benefit from them.

  • Track 13-1Evaluations of efficacy
  • Track 13-2Evaluations of safety
  • Track 13-3Clinical biochemistry & clinical microbiology

Antibacterial action customarily falls within one of four mechanisms, three of which involve the inhibition or regulation of enzymes tangled in cell wall biosynthesis, nucleic acid metabolism and repair, or protein synthesis, respectively. The fourth mechanism associates the interruption of membrane structure. Many of these cellular functions targeted by antibiotics are most effective in multiplying cells. Since there is often overlap in these functions between eukaryotic mammalian cells and prokaryotic bacterial cells, it is not surprising that some antibiotics have also been found to be useful as anticancer agents.

  • Track 14-1Broad spectrum
  • Track 14-2Narrow spectrum
  • Track 14-3Nuclear material
  • Track 14-4Protein
  • Track 14-5Pharmacokinetics of Antibiotics
  • Track 14-6Pharmacodynamics of Antibiotics

Regulatory affairs (RA), are also called as government affairs, is a profession within regulated industries, such as medical devices, pharmaceuticals etc. Regulatory affairs also have a very specific meaning within the healthcare industries (medical devices, functional foods, biologics and pharmaceuticals). Regulatory affairs (medical affairs) professionals (aka regulatory professionals) generally have the duty for the following general areas: Ensuring that the companies obey with all of the regulations and laws pertaining to their business

  • Track 15-1National and International laws
  • Track 15-2Frame work of new laws (International understanding)
  • Track 15-3Different systems of operating laws (communication between market and officer desk)

Pharmacology is a branch in science concerned with the effects of the drugs on living organisms (pharmacodynamics) and the effects of living organisms with the drugs (pharmacokinetics). This subject embodies drug composition and properties, interactions, toxicology, therapy, and medicinal uses such as application and antipathogenic capabilities. Pharmacology is subdivided into two categories as mentioned above, pharmacodynamics and pharmacokinetics. Pharmacodynamics deals with chemical interactions with body/cell receptors. Pharmacokinetics, on the other hand, deals with the four stages of chemicals passing through the body: absorption, distribution, metabolism and excretion

  • Track 16-1Advances in pharmacological testing
  • Track 16-2Medicine development and safety testing
  • Track 16-3Dose response relation in psychiatric medications
  • Track 16-4Nutritional deficiency and disorders

The global antibiotics market was valued at $39.6 billion in 2013 and is expected to reach $41.2 billion by 2018, at a CAGR of 0.8%. From, 2005 this market is seen to grow at an annual rate of 6.6% until 2011. There are many companies producing antibiotics these days and there are many other antibiotics present in the market such as aminoglycoside antibiotics and it cap around 79% of the global demand. Moreover, the other antibiotics such as penicillin have 8%, streptomycin 1%, chloramnphenicol 1 %, tetracyclines 4%, erythromycin has 7%, market.

  • Track 17-1Global antibiotics market
  • Track 17-2Antibiotics market Europe
  • Track 17-3Antibiotics market USA
  • Track 17-4Antibiotics market UK

Neuropharmacology is the study of how drugs affect cellular function in the nervous system, and the neural mechanisms through which they influence behaviour. There are two main branches of neuropharmacology: behavioural and molecular. Behavioural neuropharmacology focuses on the study of how drugs affect human behaviour (neuropsychopharmacology), including the study of how drug dependence and addiction affect the human brain. Molecular neuropharmacology involves the study of neurons and their neurochemical interactions, with the overall goal of developing drugs that have beneficial effects on neurological function. Both of these fields are closely connected, since both are concerned with the interactions of neurotransmitters, neuropeptides neuro hormones, neuromodulators, enzymes, second messengers, co-transporters, ion channels, and receptor proteins in the central and peripheral nervous systems. Studying these interactions, researchers are developing drugs to treat many different neurological disorders, including pain, neurodegenerative diseases such as Parkinson's disease and Alzheimer's disease, psychological disorders, addiction, and many others.

  • Track 18-1Drug legislation and Safety
  • Track 18-2Nutritional deficiency and disorders
  • Track 18-3Dose response relation in psychiatric medications
  • Track 18-4Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s disease
  • Track 18-5Neurochemical interactions

Toxicology is the scientific study of adverse effects that occur in living organisms due to chemicals. It involves observing and reporting symptoms, mechanisms, detection and treatments of toxic substances, in particular relation to the poisoning of humans.

It includes environmental agents and chemical compounds found in nature, as well as pharmaceutical compounds that are synthesized for medical use by humans. These substances may produce toxic effects in living organisms including disturbance in growth patterns, discomfort, disease and death.

  • Track 19-1Dose response complexities
  • Track 19-2Clinical Toxicology
  • Track 19-3Toxins and toxicology

Forensic toxicology is the use of toxicology and other disciplines such as analytical chemistry, pharmacology and clinical chemistry to aid medical or legal investigation of death, poisoning, and drug use. The primary concern for forensic toxicology is not the legal outcome of the toxicological investigation or the technology utilized, but rather the obtainment and interpretation of results. A toxicological analysis can be done to various kinds of samples. A forensic toxicologist must consider the context of an investigation, in particular any physical symptoms recorded, and any evidence collected at a crime scene that may narrow the search, such as pill bottles, powders, trace residue, and any available chemicals. Provided with this information and samples with which to work, the forensic toxicologist must determine which toxic substances are present, in what concentrations, and the probable effect of those chemicals on the person.

  • Track 20-1Computational toxicology
  • Track 20-2Clinical Toxicology

The Department of Molecular and Clinical Pharmacology is dedicated to define disease processes, understanding both drug actions and adverse reactions, developing novel therapeutic strategies for intervention and optimizing the benefit–risk ratio of current and new drugs. We are based within the Institute of Translational Medicine, whose overall aim is to take basic scientific understanding and translate it into innovations for the benefit of patients, the public and health systems across the world.

  • Track 21-1Adverse Drug Effects

In drug development, preclinical development, also named preclinical studies and nonclinical studies, is a stage of research that begins before clinical trials (testing in humans) can begin, and during which important feasibility, iterative testing and drug safety data are collected.

The main goals of pre-clinical studies are to determine the safe dose for first-in-man study and assess a product's safety profile. Products may include new medical devices, drugs, gene therapy solutions and diagnostic tools.

On average, only one in every 5,000 compounds that enters drug discovery to the stage of preclinical development becomes an approved drug

Drug safety testing is happening in a growing number of countries including Austria, Canada, Colombia, Mexico, the Netherlands, Switzerland, United States and the UK. This briefing discusses testing using sophisticated analytical equipment, not DIY kits that cannot identify many contaminants, or strength. Drug safety testing is happening in a growing number of countries including Austria, Canada, Colombia, Mexico, the Netherlands, Switzerland, United States and the UK. This briefing discusses testing using sophisticated analytical equipment, not DIY kits that cannot identify many contaminants, or strength.

  • Track 23-1Drug formulation
  • Track 23-2Drug mechanism
  • Track 23-3Drug dosage
  • Track 23-4Drug dosage

Immunopharmacology and Immunotoxicology is a bimonthly peer-reviewed medical journal that covers preclinical and clinical studies on the regulatory effects of various agents on immunocompetent cells, as well as the immunotoxicity exerted by xenobiotics and drugs. Hence, the journal encompasses a broad range of pathologies (e.g. acute and chronic infections, allergy, autoimmunity, cancer, degenerative disorders, inflammation, and primary and secondary immunodeficiencies).

  • Track 24-1Antimicrobial activity
  • Track 24-2Molecular biology

Clinical pharmacy is the discipline of Pharmacy where pharmacists are meant to provide patient care which helps in optimizing the use of drugs and improves health, wellness, and prevents diseases. This session is dealt with topics like basic components of clinical pharmacy practice Prescribing drugs, Reviewing drug use, Administering drugs, Counseling, Documenting professional services, Consulting, Preventing Medication Errors etc.,

  • Track 25-1Drug development and interactions
  • Track 25-2Receptor theory for drug effects
  • Track 25-3Pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic parameters

All pharmaceutical researchers know the feeling. Somewhere out there must be that elusive molecule — one that will inhibit this enzyme or activate that receptor in the way they want, and without causing unwanted side-effects. But finding it is another matter. For small-molecule drugs — the mainstay of the pharmaceutical industry — time-consuming and expensive screening is needed to pick out promising candidates from the vast number of natural and synthetic compounds available. Testing large numbers of compounds to see if they produce an appropriate biochemical or cellular effect is usually one of the first steps in the drug-discovery pathway, and ways of making this screening faster, more effective and less expensive are in continual development.

  • Track 26-1Drug dosage
  • Track 26-2Innovative Drug Delivery Technologies
  • Track 26-3Implantable Drug Delivery System
  • Track 26-4Pediatric Drug Delivery systems
  • Track 26-5Routes of Drug Administration

Safety pharmacology evaluations are an essential step in assessing acute and potentially life-threatening risks of novel pharmaceuticals as part of an IND-enabling program. Second-tier safety pharmacology studies can be used to determine mechanistic effects on vital functions and evaluate potential adverse effects on organ systems such as renal and gastrointestinal systems.

Statistical analysis is one of the foundations of evidence-based clinical practice, a key in conducting new clinical research and in evaluating and applying prior research. In this paper, we review the choice of statistical procedures, analyses of the associations among variables and techniques used when the clinical processes being examined are still in process. We discuss methods for building predictive models in clinical situations, and ways to assess the stability of these models and other quantitative conclusions. Techniques for comparing independent events are distinguished from those used with events in a causal chain or otherwise linked. Attention then turns to study design, to the determination of the sample size needed to make a given comparison, and to statistically negative studies.

Adverse drug reactions can be considered a form of toxicity; howevertoxicity is most commonly applied to effects of overingestion (accidental or intentional) or to elevated blood levels or enhanced drug effects that occur during appropriate use (eg, when drug metabolism is temporarily inhibited by a disorder or another drug). For information on toxicity of specific drugs see the table Symptoms and Treatment of Specific Poisons. Side effect is an imprecise term often used to refer to a drug’s unintended effects that occur within the therapeutic range.

Because all drugs have the potential for adverse drug reactions, risk-benefit analysis (analyzing the likelihood of benefit vs risk of ADRs) is necessary whenever a drug is prescribed.

In the US, 3 to 7% of all hospitalizations are due to adverse drug reactions. ADRs occur during 10 to 20% of hospitalizations; about 10 to 20% of these ADRs are severe. These statistics do not include the number of ADRs that occur in ambulatory and nursing home patients. Although the exact number of ADRs is not certain, ADRs represent a significant public health problem that is, for the most part, preventable.

Biochemical pharmacology uses the methods of biochemistry, biophysics, molecular biologystructural biologycell biology, and cell physiology to define the mechanisms of drug action and how drugs influence the organism by studies on intact animals, organs, cells, subcellular compartments and individual protein molecules. The biochemical pharmacologist also uses drugs as probes to discover new information about biosynthetic and cell signalling pathways and their kinetics, and investigates how drugs can correct the biochemical abnormalities that are responsible for human illness, thus enabling the elucidation of pathophysiological mechanisms that pave the way for further drug discover